July 9, Author: ALEMBAH 0 Comments The term African Beads is used to refer to both beads locally produced by indigenous people of the African continent and Trade Beads that have traveled from other parts of the world and now circulate or were recently sourced from Africa. Together, these beads have played an enormous role in the culture, fashion, economy and artistic expression of the African people. Today, they are cherished by collectors, jewellery makers, and everyday people who just love wearing African beads! African tribal beads and glass beads also hold a special mythical significance as well. Beads and Bead- making have a long history in Africa. Beads have been made by indigenous Africans for thousands of years. In ancient times, Egyptians, Greeks, and Indians established trading bases in East Africa and eventually the Arabs invaded in the eighth century and established trade routes with the wealthy kingdom of Ghana in modern-day Mauritania. The Arabs brought glass beads to the Niger Delta to trade for gold and slaves.

Glass trade beads

Anderson Committee Members Gerald F. Schroedl, Chad Black Abstract The Protohistoric period in East Tennessee is poorly understood in the archaeological record and is defined as the intermediate period between the Late Mississippian and Historic periods in the seventeenth century. Earlier research focused on depopulation, population replacement, and the rise of Overhill Cherokee settlements in the eighteenth century, with little attention to the transitional Protohistoric period.

The goal of this dissertation is to examine new fields of evidence and employ new dating methods in order to fully understand the Protohistoric period in East Tennessee This dissertation does this in three ways.

Here are some other useful Swarovski Tags and Trademarks that may help identify Swarovski crystal beads and crystals: We have also found tags on packaging of pre strung Swarovski Beads that were prestrung to accommodate certain designer’s requirements.

Beads are over years old according to supplier, the outside segmentation worn, but showing very sharply on interiors. Range mm wide x mm long, very wide natural holes Singles: I got them from a coin dealer whose inventory I purchased ca. A Chinese coin expert who studies published excavation reports to help date early coins suggests Western Zhou period, ca. Pricing cracked the same as whole ones, as I think these best demonstrate their ivory origins.

Supplier says about years old. Some beads plain, but scanner does not show well those with decorative etching. Worked, concave white disks strung in opposed pairs. Polished bits of conus in graduated strands. Short barrels, mm widths, black speckles, 28″ strands. Holed with stone drills, the flat edgewise beads were difficult to make. Finished tourquoise greens are the most valued; these are older, unpolished beads. Price is for all beads in the photo.

Ancient Glass Beads

I had to cut another sheet. I made this one too short in the photograph. Condition some yellow clay and roll out a sheet on the thickest setting in your clay machine and then do that with the red too. Do not mash the sheets together and then you be able to separate them if you have some left over after cutting your stripes.

Here the two sheets are together. Pick up the blade with the cut piece sticking to it and lay it on top of the stack using it to measure the next cut.

Analyzing beads dating from the European Glass Trade Beads in Northeastern North America glass around a wire or mandrel, were found to be primarily made of potash glasses (about 20 ± 3% K.

This necklace looks like an antique piece but is simply a vintage one manufactured in a largely traditional way. The pendant is a container. The lid screws off in the opposite direction that is natural in the Americas and in Europe and a small scoop is attached to the lid. The lid has an enamelled blue lion standing on the top. The pendant has flowers on one side, and good wishes written on the other.

Two lotus blossums hang as pendants. The central pendant has been added on more recently, perhaps one had been lost over the years. It is a Christian token and can easily be taken off and something else substiuted there – a blue bead might be a nice addition instead. The necklace chain is 20 inches long and has a hook closure on it. The necklace sits very nicely and is very attractive. You can see this style of silver bracelet on page of “A World of Bracelets”.

They are described as “Golden Triangle, Burma. These cuffs have braided wires and applied elements decorated with repousse. This is a good sized bracelet, too large for my 6 inch wrist.

Venetian trade beads

Special thanks is given to Shirley Wiesmann who has compiled this data and we hope you will find it helpful. Silver Definitions Pure Silver has a brilliant white metallic luster. It is very ductile and malleable below gold and palladium one of the platinum metals. In order for Pure Silver to be hard enough and suitable for arts and crafts including jewelry, it must be alloyed with other metallic components which helps to make it hard enough and suitable for crafting.

Designers have crafted bead chains, chokers, necklaces, earrings, pendants, rings, bracelets, hair clips, brooches and jewelry sets using Pure Silver and an alloy additive.

Cobalt glass beads discovered in Scandinavian Bronze Age tombs reveal some iconic trade links between Egyptians and Mesopotamia 3,years-ago, and even show the same signs of religious rituals. This striking revelation occurred as elegant Egyptian glass beads were found in Danish Bronze Age burials dating back to years ago.

Chevron Or Rosetta Star Beads My Collection, a Mix of Old and New Red, White and Blue Chevrons My matched strand from the same cane I always promised myself I wouldn’t get hooked on Beads, but sooner or later you just have to have something to wear with your red, white and blue regalia and I just couldn’t help but fall in love with these Chevrons I have collected over the past few years. I finally have them strung up in a useable and ascetic form and can’t wait to try them on when I am all “Dressed Up”.

My collection consists of a long strand of matched graduated old seven layer beads, a small strand of mixed old leftover beads and a modern strand of beads featuring a new bead I call the “Mirror Ball”. Here is some research I found on my beads, I found the sources very interesting and have provided links to the most interesting ones.: They were traded here, but very early in the game.

Chevrons were traded with African tribes for slaves and ivory, and Native Americans, primarily in southwest Arizona. Blue and red chevrons are listed among the supplies of Coronado and his conquistadors in the year in what is today Arizona. These are prized beads – but they are rarely found in the fur belt. Some authors believe they were bought and traded by the Hudson’s Bay Company early in the history of that venerated company – before glass making became common in England.

The mills of Bohemia made the manufacture of these complicated beads more practical as a single necklace required hours of grinding — remember the beads start life as long sticks of glass that are broken into bits and ground into small spherical shapes. Chevrons – Chevron Trade Beads Chevron Beads were traded throughout the world from the late 15th century. Christopher Columbus is said to have traded Chevrons when discovering the New World.


This striking revelation occurred as elegant Egyptian glass beads were found in Danish Bronze Age burials dating back to years ago. This finding proves that there were established trade routes between the far north and the Levant as early as the 13th century. During excavation across 51 burials sites inside of Denmark, glass beads have been found, with the majority of them originating from Nippur, Mesopotamia, which is approximately 50 km southeast of modern-day Baghdad.

Stunning glass beads found in Danish Bronze Age burials dating to years ago turn out to have come from ancient Egypt – in fact, from the workshop that made the blue beads buried with the famous boy-king Tutankhamun. The discovery proves that there were established trade routes between the far.

These were large beads of shell or ivory. What we think of as beadwork, using small seed beads, is also quite old. There are beaded items in Egypt, using small faience beads, dating back years. King Tut had beadwork in his tomb, including a pair of slippers he must have worn as a child and a hassock showing captive nations. Tut didn’t capture any nations, but beadworkers flattered the Pharaoh as well as anyone. Other early examples tend to be rare because the cloth or leather on which the beads were sewn disintegrate.

Beadwork is recorded in India at an early date. There are 9th century B. Buddhist monks were admonished not to wear beaded shoes. The first reference to bead weaving is from about A. Just as there is one thread And on it are woven breadthwise and lengthwise Hundreds of thousands of beads So is everything woven into the Lord – Nam Dev, incorporated into the Grantha Sahib The earliest African beadwork outside Egypt is found in a tomb called Igbo Richard in Nigeria dating between the 8th and 11th centuries.

The earliest recorded beadwork in Europe is, as far as I know at this point, comes from a 13th century tomb near Burgos, Spain, embellished with blue glass beads, seed pearls and coral beads.

New releases – 2nd February

The name Silk Road conjures up images of caravans trudging through some of the world’s highest mountains and most god forsaken deserts. This was true for parts of the route but only tells part of the story. The Silk Road was not one well-established road, but a complex, constantly-changing network of land and sea routes between China, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and Europe that was in operation roughly from the 1st century B.

It fell into disuse in the age of sailing in the 16th century. In terms of a trade network between East and West, the Silk Road was both an overland and sea route. Travelers on the overland route could feed their animals off the land and find food and drink along the way.

Your path =Home>Beading & Beadwork>Seed Bead History Seed Bead History. Adding beads to clothing can be found as far back as the Late Old Stone Age (the Upper Paleolithic). These were large beads of shell or ivory.

The island nation of Madagascar is excluded because of its distinct language and cultural heritage. Sand dunes and vegetation at Sossusvlei in the Namib desert, Namibia. Contiguous with this are uplands in Zambia and Zimbabwe. Coastal mountains and escarpments, flanking the high ground, are found in northern Mozambique, South Africa, Namibia, Angola, and along the Mozambique-Zimbabwe border.

The Kalahari desert forms the central depression of the Southern African plateau. Its elevation rises to the Great Escarpment , which flanks the plateau in an almost unbroken line from the Zambezi River to Angola.

Beads Were Found in 3,400-year-old Nordic Graves That Were Made by King Tut’s Glassmaker

And his voice is as powerful as his collection of beads and African art, largely collected from the bead people of Mali, West Africa. He moved to Detroit with his parents from Mississippi because of the political and social unrest in the South during the 60s. Detroit provided him and his family with ground to anchor for freedom and inspired his own aim for wealth within culture. In , he started collecting African beads.

Each glass bead measures approximately 8mm x 12mm. The hole is 2mm. French Cross Beads are African trade beads with a history dating back to the late 19 th century in Africa. French cross beads were made in Venice and commonly used for trading purposes in Africa during the .

This month July , all profits from sales from my Bolivian fair-trade Acai bracelets is going to fund lawyers for imprisoned migrant children. Currently, there are no laws protecting them or guaranteeing legal representation. Their trials often last less than five minutes. Many children are too young to know language. Many have stopped speaking due to trauma. Children should not be tortured. Children are not collateral. We can be better than this- if we want to be. The acai beads used in these bracelets come from Bolivia, where my stepmom is from.

We support native artisans back home, and would like to extend our support to migrant children here by giving them what little we can: To know that someone is going to be visiting the concentration camps and taking video, that someone is going to be watching, that someone will fight for them. Currently, I know that UNLV Foundation is providing volunteer lawyers and funding the filing of court documents on behalf of these kids. If followers are aware of other organizations, please share!


Beads Beads help tell stories of the past of Native Americans. Archeologists literally have a field day when they find beads in an excavation. Beads have stood the test of time lasting, in some cases, for thousands of years. There is evidence that the descendants of Native Americans in prehistoric times used beads as adornment in jewelry as well as a way to trade. How these beads were crafted by hand said a lot about the methods and culture of the people of the time.

More certain is the fact that beads have a history with the Native American people.

Beads And Charms Wholesaler And Distributor. Thousands Of Jewelry Making Supplies At Bulk Discount Price For Beading And Craft. Shipped From USA.

Seed Beads in the Northwest. GOTTFRED presents information on small glass beads based on the archaeological evidence from Fort George , Rocky Mountain House , and the Boyer Post and Aspen House sites There is some confusion among re-enactors concerning what beads are correct to use for beadwork decoration on reproduction clothing and other items dating to before In this article I will present information from three archeological reports concerning small glass beads found at fur trade sites dating from I will also discuss what modern beads are the closest to these historic beads in size, shape, and color.

Some of the confusion regarding small beads comes from the fact that people use the same terms to describe different beads. Modern seed beads are classified by size number. Usually, seed bead sizes range from size 2 large to size 14 tiny. Size 2 beads are almost as big as a modern pony bead, while the size 14 beads are about a millimeter in diameter. The most popular size with modern craft workers seems to be size 10, with a diameter of about 2. Today’s ‘pony beads’ or ‘crow beads’ are large beads, usually plastic, with a large hole and a diameter of 9 mm.

They are often used to decorate fancy bandannas and leather fringes.

THE HISTORY OF TRADE BEADS from 30000 BC the to present – Giovanna Serafini